Recent Submissions

  • Seasonal precipitation in south-central Chile: Trends in extreme events since 1900 

    González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Escuela Ing Forestal, Hemera Ctr Observat Tierra, Chile]; Jacques-Coper, Martin; Muñoz, Ariel A. (UNAM. CENTRO CIENCIAS ATMOSFERA, 2021-09)
    We study a regional precipitation time series built upon seven meteorological records from south-central Chile (SCC; 37 degrees-42 degrees S), which altogether cover the period 1900-2019. As a first objective, we investigated ...
  • Tree-ring-based hydroclimatic reconstruction for the northwest Argentine Patagonia since 1055 CE and its teleconnection to large-scale atmospheric circulation 

    Hadad, Martin A.; González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ing Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Chile]; Roig, Fidel A. [Univ Mayor, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Chile]; Matskovsky, Vladimir; Cherubini, Paolo (ELSEVIER, 2021-07)
    State-of-the-art climate models project droughts of stronger intensity and longer persistence in many arid and semi-arid regions such as northern Patagonia, which constitutes a serious concern worldwide. Moisture availability ...
  • Growth of male and female Araucaria araucana trees respond differently to regional mast events, creating sex-specific patterns in their tree-ring chronologies 

    Hadad, Martin A.; Roig, Fidel A. [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observ Tierra, Chile]; Arco Molina, Julieta G.; Hacket-Pain, Andrew (ELSEVIER, 2021-03)
    Araucaria araucana is a dioecious evergreen conifer endemic from temperate forests of south Argentina and Chile. It is a long-lived species (maximum age > 1000 years), and it presents a high potential for tree-ring based ...
  • Modeling °Brix and pH in Wine Grapes from Satellite Images in Colchagua Valley, Chile 

    Fredes, Sandra N. [Univ Mayor, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Chile]; Ruiz, Luis A.; Recio, Jorge A. (MDPI, 2021-08)
    To monitor the ripeness and composition of wine grape berries and establish an optimal harvest date, the determination of degrees Brix and pH is vital. This research studies two harvest seasons of Cabernet Sauvignon wine ...
  • Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Aboveground Net Primary Productivity and Sheep Production in the Magellan Region, Southernmost Chilean Patagonia 

    Soto-Rogel, Pamela; Aravena, Juan-Carlos; Meier, Wolfgang Jens-Henrik; Gross, Pamela; Pérez, Claudio; González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Griessinger, Jussi (MDPI AG, 2020-08)
    Spatio-temporal patterns of climatic variability have effects on the environmental conditions of a given land territory and consequently determine the evolution of its productive activities. One of the most direct ways to ...
  • Fire history in Andean Araucaria-Nothofagus forests: coupled influences of past human land-use and climate on fire regimes in north-west Patagonia 

    González, Mauro E.; Muñoz, Ariel A.; González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Christie, Duncan A.; Sibold, Jason (CSIRO, 2020)
    Historical fire regimes are critical for understanding the potential effects of changing climate and human land-use on forest landscapes. Fire is a major disturbance process affecting the Andean Araucaria forest landscape ...
  • Six hundred years of South American tree rings reveal an increase in severe hydroclimatic events since mid-20th century 

    Morales, Mariano S.; Cook, Edward R.; Barichivich, Jonathan; Christie, Duncan A.; Villalba, Ricardo; LeQuesne, Carlos; Srur, Ana M.; Ferrero, M. Eugenia; González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Couvreux, Fleur; Matskovsky, Vladimir; Aravena, Juan C.; Lara, Antonio; Mundo, Ignacio A.; Rojas, Facundo; Prieto, Maria R.; Smerdon, Jason E.; Bianchi, Lucas O.; Masiokas, Mariano H.; Urrutia-Jalabert, Rocio; Rodriguez-Caton, Milagros; Muñoz, Ariel A.; Rojas-Badilla, Moisés; Alvarez, Claudio; López, Lidio; Luckman, Brian H.; Lister, David; Harris, Ian; Jones, Philip D.; Williams, A. Park; Velazquez, Gonzalo; Aliste, Diego; Aguilera-Betti, Isabella; Marcotti, Eugenia; Flores, Felipe; Muñoz, Tomás; Cuq, Emilio; Boninsegna, José A. (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-07)
    South American (SA) societies are highly vulnerable to droughts and pluvials, but lack of long-term climate observations severely limits our understanding of the global processes driving climatic variability in the region. ...
  • Seasonality Analysis of Sentinel-1 and ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 Backscattered Power over Salar de Aguas Calientes Sur, Chile 

    Delsouc, Analia [Univ Mayor, Teledetecc, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Chile]; Barber, Matias; Gallaud, Audrey; Grings, Francisco; Vidal-Paez, Paulina [Univ Mayor, Teledetecc, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Chile]; Pérez-Martínez, Waldo [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Briceno-De-Urbaneja, Idania [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile] (MDPI Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-03)
    Seasonal changes control the development of salt crust over the Salar de Aguas Calientes Sur located in Andes Highlands, Chile. Precipitations throughout the Altiplanic winter (December to March) and austral winter (June ...
  • Satellite Remote Sensing Contributions to Wildland Fire Science and Management 

    Chuvieco, Emilio; Aguado, Inmaculada; Salas, Javier; García, Mariano; Yebra, Marta; Oliva, Patricia [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Chile] (Springer International Publishing AG, 2020-06)
    Purpose This paper reviews the most recent literature related to the use of remote sensing (RS) data in wildland fire management. Recent Findings Studies dealing with pre-fire assessment, active fire detection, and fire ...
  • Mapping Land Cover and Tree Canopy Cover in Zagros Forests of Iran: Application of Sentinel-2, Google Earth, and Field Data 

    Eskandari, Saeedeh; Reza Jaafari, Mohammad; Oliva, Patricia [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Chile]; Ghorbanzadeh, Omid; Blaschke, Thomas (MDPI Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020-06)
    The Zagros forests in Western Iran are valuable ecosystems that have been seriously damaged by human interference (harvesting the wood and forest sub-products, converting the forests to the agricultural lands, and grazing) ...
  • The negative effect of lianas on tree growth varies with tree species and seasonPalavras-chave 

    Venegas-Gonzalez, Alejandro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Mello, Felipe N. A.; Schnitzer, Stefan A.; Cesar, Ricardo G.; Tomazello-Filho, Mario (Wiley-Blackwell, 2020-05)
    Lianas reduce tree growth, reproduction, and survival in tropical forests. Liana competition can be particularly intense in isolated forest fragments, where liana densities are high, and thus, host tree infestation is ...
  • Time-Series of Vegetation Indices (VNIR/SWIR) Derived from Sentinel-2 (A/B) to Assess Turgor Pressure in Kiwifruit 

    Jopia, Alberto [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Agron, Chile]; Zambrano, Francisco [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Agron, Chile]; Pérez-Martínez, Waldo [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Molina, Julio [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Escuela Agron, Chile]; Hoz Mardones, Felipe de la (MDPI AG, 2020-11)
    Simple Summary: Measures of plant water status on kiwifruit were evaluated using Sentinel-2 (A/B) for two seasons in Central Chile. For more than ten years, Central Chile has faced drought conditions, which impact crop ...
  • A relic of the past: current genetic patterns of the palaeoendemic tree Nothofagus macrocarpa were shaped by climatic oscillations in central Chile 

    Mathiasen, Paula; Venegas-Gonzalez, Alejandro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile]; Fresia, Pablo; Premoli, Andrea C. (Oxford University Press, 2020-10)
    Background and Aims The Mediterranean-type forest of central Chile is considered a 'biodiversity hotspot' and a relic of a wider ancient distribution produced by past climatic oscillations. Nothofagus macrocarpa. commonly ...
  • Two Centuries of Hydroclimatic Variability Reconstructed From Tree-Ring Records Over the Amazonian Andes of Peru 

    Humanes-Fuente, V.; Ferrero, M. E.; Muñoz, A. A.; González-Reyes, A. [Univ Mayor, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Fac Ciencias, Chile]; Requena-Rojas, E. J.; Barichivich, J.; Inga, J. G.; Layme-Huaman, E. T. (Chile. Universidad Mayor, 2020)
    Almost half of the tributaries of the Amazon River originate in the tropical Andes and support large populations in mountain regions and downstream areas. However, it is difficult to assess hydroclimatic conditions or to ...
  • Water Crisis in Petorca Basin, Chile: The Combined Effects of a Mega-Drought and Water Management 

    Muñoz, Ariel A.; Klock-Barria, Karin; Alvarez-Garretón, Camila; Aguilera-Betti, Isabella; Lastra, José A.; Chávez, Roberto O.; Barria, Pilar; Duncan, Christie; Rojas-Badilla, Moisés; LeQuesne, Carlos; González-Reyes, Alvaro [Univ Mayor, Fac Ciencias, Hemera Ctr Observac Tierra, Escuela Ingn Forestal, Chile] (Chile. Universidad Mayor, 2020)
    Since 2010, Chile has experienced one of the most severe droughts over the last century, the so-called mega-drought (MD). The MD conditions, combined with intensive agricultural activities and the current water management ...
  • Dendrochronological potential of Prumnopitys andina (Podocarpaceae) at the southern limit of its range in the Chilean Andes 

    Alvarez, Claudio; Le Quesne, Carlos; Rojas-Badilla, Moisés; Rozas, Vicente; Gonzalez-Reyes, Alvaro [Chile. Universidad Mayor. Facultad de Ciencias. Centro de Observación de la Tierra] (TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2021-02)
    Prumnopitys andina is a South American podocarp with a restricted distribution in southern Andean temperate forests, and is severely threatened due to habitat loss. Despite much dendrochronological work on other temperate ...


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