Factors associated with objectively measured total sedentary time and screen time in children aged 9-11 years
de Moraes Ferrari, Gerson Luis [Univ Mayor, Ctr Invest Fisiol Ejercicio, Santiago, Chile]
Katzmarzyk, Peter T.
Objective: To identify factors associated with total sedentary time and screen time in children aged 9-11 years. Methods: For seven consecutive days, 328 children (51.5% boys) used accelerometers to monitor total sedentary time. Screen time was calculated by the self-reporting method. Individual, family, family environment, and school environment questionnaires were filled out. Body composition was measured using a Tanita scale. Results: The mean sedentary time was 500 min/day (boys: 489, girls: 511, p= 0.005), and mean screen time was 234 min/day (boys: 246, girls: 222, p= 0.053). In both genders, factors associated with sedentary time were healthy dietary pattern and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. In boys, only moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was significant; in girls, the healthy dietary pattern, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and transportation to school were significant. As for the screen time, the associated factors were body mass index and healthy dietary pattern (both genders). In boys, the associated factors were body mass index, healthy dietary pattern, and television in the bedroom. In girls, the associated factors were healthy dietary pattern, transportation to school, and physical activity policies or practice at school. Conclusion: Several associated factors were identified in the association between total sedentary time and screen time in children; however, only the healthy dietary pattern was common between sedentary time and screen time. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. on behalf of Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.
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