Lifestyles of Chilean housewives. Analysis of the 2009-2010 Chilean Health Survey
Celis-Morales, Carlos [Univ Mayor, CIFE, Santiago, Chile]
Vásquez-Gómez, Jaime A.; Matus-Castillo, Carlos; Petermann-Rocha, Fanny; Concha-Cisternas, Yeny; María Leiva, Ana; Adela Martínez-Sanguinetti, Maria; Troncoso-Pantoja, Claudia; Garrido-Méndez, Alex; Díaz-Martínezi, Ximena; Salas, Carlos; Ulloa, Natalia; Alvarez, Cristián; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Fernando; Cristi-Montero, Carlos; Lanuza, Fabian
Background: Housewives represent a important proportion of the Chilean population. However, there is limited evidence about their lifestyles. Aim: To characterize lifestyles and determine the level of compliance with healthy lifestyles guidelines of housewives in Chile. Material and Methods: Housewives from the 2009-2010 National Health Survey were included. The variables studied included levels of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, diet, hours of sleep and smoking. Compliance with healthy lifestyle behaviors was evaluated through logistic regression, granting a value of 1 for compliance and 0 for non-compliance. A healthy lifestyle was defined as meeting at least four healthy behaviors. Results: Housewives aged > 55 years had a higher BMI and waist circumference compared to those aged < 40 years. Housewives were also more likely to report moderate alcohol consumption and were more likely to meet a healthier lifestyle score (Odds ratio = 1.52 [95% confidence intervals: 1.09 to 2.11], p = 0.013). No significant age trends were observed for other lifestyle behaviors. Conclusions: Housewives had high levels of central obesity, excess body weight and high levels of salt intake but low alcohol intake. Their healthy lifestyles behaviors increased along with increasing age.
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