Looking for the Past: History and Change in Traditional Music Studies in Chile (1990-2020)
Spencer-Espinosa, Christian [Univ Mayor, Arts & Humanities Res Ctr, Chile]
This article presents a historical overview of traditional music studies in Chile, pointing out some of the main achievements and problems. It describes the origins of traditional music studies through the establishment of the Chilean Folk Society in 1909 and then offers a periodisation of studies during the twentieth century, followed by a critical review of the preference for facts over processes. Finally, it explores the renaissance of traditional music studies during the last 30 years (1990-2020), analysing 123 dissertations about traditional music and the concepts of "tradition" they employ. It concludes that Chilean folk studies have changed from a scientific to a humanistic approach, using the idea of tradition as a comprehensive concept and the idea of folklore as behaviour or performance.
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