Optimal cut-off points for waist circumference in the definition of metabolic syndrome in Chile
Martínez-Sanguinetti, María Adela
Ho, Frederick K.
Celis-Morales, Carlos A. [Univ Mayor, Ctr Exercise Physiol Res CIFE, Chile]
Objective: To identify sex-specific cut-off points for waist circumference (WC) in the definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS) for the Chilean adult population. Design: MetS was defined as the presence of at least two out of four of the following criteria: TAG >= 1 center dot 7 mmol/l; HDL-cholesterol: <1 center dot 3 mmol/l in women and <1 center dot 0 mmol/l in men; systolic blood pressure >= 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 85 mmHg; and fasting glucose >= 5 center dot 6 mmol/l or current treatment for diabetes. The receiver operating characteristics curve and the AUC were computed to derive the specificity and sensitivity using bootstrapping (10 000 iterations restricted to have at least between 40 and 60 % of the original population). The optimal cut-off point for the Chilean population was computed by sex. Setting: A representative sample of the Chilean population aged >= 15 years. Participants: 8182 participants (60 % women) from the three available Chilean National Health Surveys conducted in 2003, 2009-2010 and 2016-2017. Results: WC had a good predictive ability for MetS (AUC for men 0 center dot 74 (95 % CI 0 center dot 72, 0 center dot 76); AUC for women 0 center dot 71 (95 % CI 0 center dot 68, 0 center dot 73)). The optimal cut-off points for WC, in the definition of MetS, were 92 center dot 3 cm (95 % CI 90 center dot 5, 94 center dot 4) and 87 center dot 6 cm (95 % CI 85 center dot 8, 92 center dot 1) for men and women, respectively. Conclusions: The mentioned cut-off points should be used for WC in the definition of MetS in Chile. As a result, the current recommendation (WHO/International Diabetes Federation) for WC, in the identification of MetS, is not supported by these findings in a representative sample of the Chilean adult population.
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